Stenting; Cicatrical post-TB bronchial stenosis
A 24-year-old woman, after treatment with antituberculous medications for pulmonary tuberculosis, suffered by cough, dyspnea, wheezing. CT scan showed stricture of the left main bronchus starting from bifurcation to the end and having a lumen diameter 2mm. Bronchoscopic examination revealed focal narrowing to pinhole size to the left main bronchus with severe fibrotic changes. Under general anesthesia, balloon-expendable, metallic, non-covered stent (Medtronic) was inserted across the stenotic lesion and was expanded under the pressure of 9 atmospheres using Indeflator Perouse Medical. Bronchography, taken immediately after stent insertion, showed an expanded left main bronchus.