This was preceded the flexible bronchoscopy. It was invented at the end of the 19th century by Gustav Killian and functioned until Shigeto Ikeda introduced flexible bronchoscope in 1966, but novel bronchoscopy techniques led to reintroduction of rigid bronchoscopy. Advanced rigid bronchoscope has processor, video monitoring system, biopsy forceps with telescope. An adjustable camera which facilitates the projection and recording of the procedure is an indispensable accessory of a therapeutic endoscopy unit. This equipment makes it possible for the entire team to be aware of what is happening in the operating field. Rigid bronchoscopy performed under general anesthesia in the operating room. RB allows performing such modern therapeutic methods as airway stenting, laser resection, bronchoblocation and others.